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Tension headaches, or stress headaches

  • In 2011, the planet Health Organisation (WHO) estimated that approximately 50–75 percent of individuals within the world experience episodic tension-type headaches, and 1–3 percent have chronic tension headaches. Episodic tension headaches are more common in women than in men.
    The International Headache Society (IHS) puts the figure for tension headaches between 30 and 78 percent.

    What is a tension headache?

    Tension headaches can happen at any age, but they often begin during adolescence and peak when an individual is in their 30s, consistent with the WHO.
    People often describe tension headaches as a pressing or tightening pain of mild to moderate intensity that affects each side of the top . They often accompany a stiff and aching neck and shoulder muscles.
    They tend to develop slowly and increase in intensity. Sometimes an individual will have a sensitivity to light or sound. People don't usually have nausea with a headache .
    The pain from tension headaches causes discomfort, but it's not usually severely disabling, as migraine headaches are often .
    The pain doesn't worsen with physical activity, like walking or climbing stairs, but physical or mental stress can make it more severe.

    Types of headache
    To help doctors diagnose tension headaches, the IHS classify them as either episodic (occasional) or chronic (persistent or constantly recurring).There also are subcategories.


    These are often infrequent or frequent.

    Infrequent episodic tension-type headache: an individual will have a minimum of 10 episodes per annum , occurring on but 1 day per month on the average , and without nausea. Headaches may last from half-hour to 7 days. There can also be sensitivity to light or sound but no nausea or vomiting.

    Frequent episodic tension-type headache: The individual will experience 10 or more episodes, occurring on between 1 and 14 days monthly on the average for between 12 and 180 days per annum , without nausea. Headaches may last from half-hour to 7 days, and there could also be sensitivity to light or sound but not nausea or vomiting.

    Chronic tension headaches: Headaches occur on a minimum of 15 days monthly on the average , and for quite 3 months. The person may have mild nausea, sensitivity to light or sound, or all of those . Headaches may last for hours, or they'll be ongoing.

    A person who experiences episodic tension headaches may develop chronic tension headaches over time.

    Causes
    Eye strain and stress can cause a headache .
    People don't know exactly what causes tension-type headaches, but factors that trigger them may include:
    physical or emotional stress
    anxiety
    depression
    lack of sleep
    lack of exercise
    eye strain
    dehydration
    regular exposure to bang
    tiredness
    poor posture
    jaw clenching
    alcohol use


    The triggers can differ between individuals. 

    When a headache started
    any food and drink consumed over the past 24 hours
    what the person was doing before the pain started
    the amount of sleep the person had the previous night

    Prevention tips
    Certain lifestyle changes may help prevent tension headaches.
    getting enough sleep
    practising good posture when sitting, standing, and doing other daily activities
    taking regular breaks when performing at a desk
    stretching regularly and exercising neck and shoulder muscles during paperwork
    engaging in exercise, which can also help with sleep patterns
    having regular eye checks and using the right glasses
    managing stress
    avoiding alcohol
    monitoring for side effects of any medications
    drinking enough fluids, and particularly water
    wearing sunglasses on bright days
    eating regular meals


    Home remedies and other treatment
    People can usually relieve the pain of a headache with over-the-counter medications, like aspirin, ibuprofen, or acetaminophen.

    However, the overuse of such pain medications can increase the danger of episodic tension headaches developing into chronic tension headaches. this will happen because rebound headaches may occur after each medication dose wears off.

    Headaches are often common during pregnancy. it's important to see with a doctor before using any medication at this point .

    A variety of pain relief medications, specially shaped ice packs, and other headache relief tools are available for purchase online.

    Home and alternative remedies
    Lavender and other essential oils may help to alleviate symptoms.
    Some people find that home remedies could also be enough to alleviate their headaches.

    These include:

    taking a hot bath
    placing an ice gain the top
    relaxation techniques
    massage
    yoga

    Aromatherapy involves the appliance of essential oils. In 2016, the authors of a meta-analysis concluded that aromatherapy, generally , could also be useful for treating pain.
    In 2012, researchers found that inhaling lavender oil helped to scale back the severity of symptoms in 92 cases out of 129 cases of migraine headaches.
    Find out more here about how essential oils might help to alleviate a headache.
    Biofeedback may help to treat headaches and also muscle tension, anxiety, and other factors that relate to them, consistent with findings of a 2008 meta-analysis.
    Acupuncture appears to assist some people. A Cochrane review published in 2009 concluded that it “could be” a valuable tool for treating some sorts of headache .

    Counseling for stress
    Counseling, including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), may help people that have chronic tension headaches thanks to stress.

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